The Intelligence of Plants


In the field of scientific classification, one kingdom of stationary living organisms that are often known for releasing oxygen, taking carbon dioxide, and making energy through the process of photosynthesis were proven to have further abilities that would exceed one’s expectations.

Recent scientific studies suggest that without eyes they have sight, and without ears they can hear. Also, in absence of a nervous system plants are able to find food, communicate, respond accordingly to their sensory detections and store information, much like homosapiens. For many years, one particular species of plants; the carnivorous venus flytrap, proved the existence of this elaborate plant behavior. However, that idea has shifted and now scientists believe that this particular complex behavioral occurrence can be detected in every single plant species.

Every plant on earth is in a constant hunt for food. The phenomenon of plants climbing upward and tracking the light rays, as the sun wheels across the sky, can be observed through modern time lapse cameras. In order to thrive, plants require nutrients that lay hidden beneath our feet. Food searching behavior between the plant kingdom and animal kingdom had been juxtapositioned by scientists. Similarly to how a grizzly bear’s search for food speeds and then slows down to consume their edibles once they encounter them, the growth rate of plant roots accelerates until approaching a nutrient patch then slows down to obtain the nutrients.

When it comes down to interactions and plants communicating with other plants, family membered plants were proven to restrain their root in water to obtain food, while an increase in root distribution was present between two stranger plants that did not share the same genes. How was it possible for the plants to recognize their family members? Well, through a release of a particular chemical, plants are able to detect a stranger plant or a family plant. Also, studies show how plants react to other organisms consuming them. Defensive chemicals are secreted from all plants when they feel a sense a threat.

With the ability to sense its surrounding, one may wonder if pants are able to feel physical suffering. Scientists have tested mimosa pudica, commonly known as “touch me not” plants, with human anesthesia, to which they responded similarly to humans by going stationary and stopping to respond to any surrounding contact. With the same plant, an experiment was conducted to test its memory. When coming in contact the first time, the plant closed its leaves, however, after the 6th time, the plant had stopped responding, showing an indication that it had gotten used to the ongoing process and memorized that there is no threat associated with the contact. Plants are being proven to have neurotransmitters, and chemicals associated with it much like the brain. However, scientists explain that there are much more to learn plant species to show how they function.

The idea of plants and animals having much more in common than expected might lead people to contemplate on this subject matter. Without a brain or the ability to organize the information, how might a plant recognize its family members? Their behavior contradicts the idea that a nervous system is required to integrate information. Perhaps plants are way more intellectual than humans have ever envisioned.


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