The banking education is a term used by Paulo Freire to describe and critique the traditional education system. The name refers to the metaphor of students as containers into which educators must pour knowledge. Constructivism is a theory that says that people construct their own knowledge through experiencing things and reflecting on those experiences. We are active creators of our own knowledge. To do this, we must ask questions and explore. Therefore, a collegiate system consisting of the banking concept and constructivism is more effective in a creative pedagogy and student work.
In his essay, Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Freire criticizes the banking method throughout the essay and clearly praises problem-posing in more than just an educational settings. He believes one of the first steps in reforming the educational concepts is to be truly committed to rejecting banking entirely. It is difficult to imagine any learning encounter without a certain amount of transmission on the part of the teacher. Even the most collaborative exercise requires instructions and requirement information to help students follow procedures and to reinforce thinking skills. Also, to suggest that a teacher challenge students conceptions of reality with novel experiences is not to assume that the teacher does not or should not have clear standards for judging better and worse versions of reality as well as what constitutes a good strategy for approaching the problem. There are many moments when banking is encouraged and necessary, as simple as teaching toddlers colors and sounds. Above all, Freire’s approach of entirely disregarding the banking concept is not the solution to the education system.